On Art and Nature

The Land of the Orang-Utan and the Bird of Paradise


A young orangutan in Borneo

Today marks the 100th anniversary of the death of Alfred Russel Wallace at age 90. In celebration of his contributions to our knowledge of the natural world, I have just read "The Malay Archipelago", a 531 page narrative of his travels from Borneo to Papua-New Guinea, first published in 1869.  It is still a riveting travel-adventure book.   Sir David Attenborough has called Wallace the "most admirable character in the history of science."

 

Wallace, through his study of the variations in species, formulated a theory of evolution at about the same time as Charles Darwin.  The two men could not have been more different.  Darwin was well-educated and a member of the upper-class.  He was never much of a field naturalist--most of his work was painstakingly conducted in his study at home.  Wallace left school at fourteen and financed his natural history trips through collecting specimens which he sent back to Europe. Today, Darwin is universally known, Wallace barely acknowledged.  

 

On one of his voyages, while recovering from a bout of malaria, Wallace wrote a manuscript "On the Tendency of Varieties to Depart Indefinitely from the Original Type" and sent it to Darwin for his opinion.  Without that impetus, Darwin might have continued to dither over his evidence and perhaps may never have dared to publish his treatise on natural selection.

 

Wallace also originated the field of bio-geography.  The Wallace line, which meanders through the Indonesian island chain,  documents a geographic split between the fauna of Asia and that of Australia.  

 

As an aside, it astounds me that in the space of 100 years since Wallace's death, we have gone from a human population of less than 2 billion to over 7 billion. In Wallace's time world travel was the province of a few hardy adventurers.  Today the wild places that Wallace documented are rapidly disappearing and the natural resources that sustain us all are under increasing stress!

 

 

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New studio, new muses


I've just moved from Colorado to Virginia.  My old studio was in a basement.  My new studio is on an upper floor with dappled sunlight filtered through leafy trees.  In our backyard woods, the regular visitors are a young inquisitive deer who stops to graze, a fox who frequently passes through, a white-pawed squirrel who is always alert for the fox, blue-tailed skinks who skitter across the window sills, and a pair of Carolina wrens who enchant me with the posturing of turned-up tails, rusty bodies, long downward curved beaks, and white lines above their eyes.  Nearby are marshes teeming with shorebirds and ospreys, punctuated by the calls of the bull frogs.  And here was a bull frog who posed for my camera.    

 

After a gap of many months, look for new works on my website in a few weeks time.  

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Resolution

Each year I make a calendar and each year I make a resolution.   

 

Last year, my New Year's Resolution was to paint every day.  That certainly did not happen.  I have switched recently from mostly watercolors to mostly oil paintings.  Considering that we often travel up to six months a year, I can only bring along my painting gear on road trips, not airplanes.  And often there is hardly time to sketch.  In Peru for a month, we took long birding treks during daylight with only candle light and flashlights after dark.  So my resolution never stood a chance.  Another flaw was that "every day" clause.  Once you miss one day, you're done!

 

I began creating the calendars after a wondrous three week safari to Kenya.  With Photoshop, I added children and grandchildren to the wildlife photos--Mike with his arm around a lion's mane, Charlotte riding a giraffe, Kenna and Sedge on their tricycles next to a rhinocerous.  In years that followed I made photo calendars of Yellowstone (bison, wolves, marmots), of Vietnam and Thailand (water monitors, elephant artists), of Borneo (orangutans and hornbills), and of Polynesia (stingrays and seaturtles).  For 2013, I selected the best of my photos from remote Amazonian and cloudforest regions of Peru (hummingbirds, macaws, toucans and tapirs). 

 

So it is time again for a new resolution.  After last year's failure, I tried to compose a more acheivable goal for 2013.  And it it took me all this week for an idea to hatch that seemed just right.

 

In 2013 I resolve to complete 12 paintings that are worthy of publication in my 2014 calendar.  There are always a handful of paintings I might use, but never enough.  I fall back on my photos instead, year after year.  As the year goes by I can measure whether I am on track, as I need to complete an average of one per month.  Yet if I fall behind, all is not lost.  Wish me luck!

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Shrinking Savanna


Lions crossing the Mara

I took this snapshot of Lions in the Masai Mara in Kenya in 2006.  What a magnificent variety of wildlife we saw on that visit!  What inspired me to dredge up that photo over six years later?

 

According to today's New York Times Green blog, Africa's savanna habitat is shrinking even faster than the world's rainforests.  Dr. Stuart Pimm of the Nicholas School of the Environment at Duke University has issued a study showing that only 25% of Africa's savanna remains.  He also looked at what that means for the lion population.  There are less than 35,000 lions today, down from 100,000 in 1960.  Their fate is even more precarious, since he found only ten areas that support large stable lion populations.  

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When will I learn to always bring my camera?

About one p.m., before preparing our one-course holiday meal of Oysters Rockefeller, we took our daily walk around nearby Lake Mac.  We often take a pair of binoculars and occasionally a camera with us, to better see and record the seasonal variety of birds and other feral visitors to the lake.   Today we had binoculars but no camera.  

 

Thanksgiving is about the latest date that the local White Pelicans leave for their warmer wintering grounds.  Last week we counted one hundred on the lake--yesterday there were seven and today only one laggard remained.  Gulls gathered along the shore while grebes and a lone Bufflehead glided atop and then dove under the lake's surface.  

 

As we walked the path along a fence separating us from pastoral open space fields, we suddenly noticed a coyote, walking along with us just on the opposite side of the fence.  He was no more than ten yards away.  In the seven years that I have routinely circled this lake, I have seen a coyote only twice before--and at a great distance.  Once again, I reminded myself--always bring a camera!  

 

His fur was glistening and healthy looking, his gaze alert, and his body muscular and well-fed.  He was busy examining mounds of earth near some drainage ditches.  We watched him, he watched us, and we walked along together for several minutes.  As the wind picked up, we quickened our pace.  We turned back every few minutes to see where he was.  He had lagged behind, and the binoculars came in handy.  He had caught something and was dragging it through the grass.  He would pause, bend his head down to take a few bites, then look around to see who was watching.  As a few dog-walkers approached his spot, he lifted his prey and marched further into the field away from the fence.  Now we could see what his Thanksgiving dinner was--he had caught a muskrat.  

 

No doubt he had been nearby many times before.  In the middle of the field, we would never have spotted him.  His fur blends like perfect camouflage into the sepia tones of the November grasses.

 

By the way, Happy Thanksgiving!      

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Autumn in the Rockies


Sparring Elk

This past weekend we saw a field full of elk grazing near Mary's Lake in Estes Park, Colorado.  At the center was a twelve point bull elk surrounded by a harem of about 60 females.  Every now and then he lifted his head to emit a triumphant bugle.  

 

These two sparring males were at the edge of the herd.  An over the hill male was practice fighting with a young male, preparing him for a challenge to take over a harem in future years.  

 

This is one of the glorious sights of October, and the eerie elk bugle one of the glorious sounds that reverberates through the crisp air! 

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The Peregrine

About two years ago, we unplugged our television and found entertainment and intellectual stimulation in reading more books.  Today I want to share with you one of the best nature books I have ever read.  I have just finished reading it, and will read it many times more.

 

The Peregrine by J.A. Baker is a deceptively simple book about a winter spent obsessively observing peregrines.  When I first took up birding, peregrines were a favorite--they are rare, powerful raptors, with distinctive markings easy for a beginner to identify.  Baker, about whom little is known, wrote this, his first book, at age 41.  He had recently been diagnosed with a serious illness and threw all his energy into studying the peregrine.  He no doubt felt a bond with this bird since it was the late 1960's and many raptors, including peregrines, were threatened with extinction as their egg-shells were weakened by excessive concentrations of DDT.

 

Written in the form of a diary, Baker draws the reader into his obsession.  Each day he sets out to seek the local peregrines where he lives in Essex, England, and to watch them bathe, rest, hunt, soar, stoop, kill.  He becomes one with his prey.  "I scanned the sky constantly to see if a hawk was soaring, scrutinized every tree and bush, searched the apparently empty sky through every arc.  That is how the hawk finds his prey and eludes his enemies, and that is the only way one can hope to find him and share his hunting."

 

Not only is this a delightful book for birders, Baker has an artist's eye.  He captures the play of light on the bird and the sky in poetry.  He fills the pages with rich detail, evocative imagery, painting a portrait in an ever-changing landscape. 

 

On December 1st, after sighting a distant peregrine, he writes: "Crisp and golden in the sunlight, he swam up through the warm air with muscular undulations of his wings, like the waving flicker of a fish's fins.  He drifted on the surface, a tiny silver flake on the blue burnish of the sky.  His wings tightened and bent back, and he slid away to the east, a dark blade cutting slowly through blue ice.  Moving down through the sunlight, he changed colour like an autumn leaf, passing from shining gold to pallid yellow, turning from tawny to brown, suddenly flicking out black against the skyline."

 

Baker's diary stretches from October to April .  "Autumn begins my season of hawk-hunting, spring ends it, and winter glitters between like the arch of Orion."  Despite the routine, he sees anew each day.  This book contains riches to be savored many times over.      

 

 

 

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Primate News

For only the second time in the last 28 years, a new species of monkey has been discovered in Africa.  The Lesula (Cercopithecus lomamiensis) is reputedly a shy creature, similar to the owl-faced monkey but with a mane of blond hair.  It lives in a fairly small territory within a remote region of the Democratic Republic of Congo.  After genetic and morphological studies confirmed it as a new species, it is being provisionally categorized as vulnerable under the IUCN red list of threatened species.  I hope that this exposure bodes well rather than ill for the monkey's survival.    

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House

Contrary to scientific models that predicted the complete melt of the Arctic Ice cap will occur in 2050, mounting evidence of actual melting over the last 6 years are leading scientists to the realization that the ice may be gone by summer of 2015.  

 

Look at the contrast in news reporting on this accelerated ice melt.  Representing the US, I present coverage in the New York TImes.  Here’s a headline from the New York TImes (on Sept. 18):  “Race is on as Ice Melt Reveals Arctic Treasure.”  The article sums up the so-called opportunity from global warming this way.  “At stake are the Arctic’s abundant supplies of oil, gas, and minerals that are, thanks to climate change, becoming newly accessible along with increasingly navigable polar shipping shortcuts.”

 

Representing news reporting outside the US, I turn to The Guardian, a London newspaper.  The Guardian has much more thorough reporting on environmental topics, with numerous articles on the ramifications of Arctic ice melt.  In their editorial published Sunday Sept. 16 they wrote:

 

“It is the ice cap that keeps the Arctic cold.  Sunlight that hits white ice bounces back into space.  Dark ocean absorbs light, and therefore warmth, making the next winter’s ice pack thinner, and less enduring.  The difference between the torrid tropics and the icy Arctic governs weather patterns in the northern hemisphere.  The frozen ocean and permafrost at the perimeter prevents ground methane from escaping into the atmosphere and thereby accelerating global warming.  The polar seas drive the marine ecosystem and fuel the north Atlantic fish stocks.  So the consequences of ice loss could be considerable, although nobody with political authority seems so far to have sufficiently considered them.”

 

There is an environmental disaster with huge consequences lurking in each of those sentences.  We’ve got to open our eyes to the enormous potential risks--weather extremes, collapse of fisheries, collapse of crops from drought brought on by a weakened jet stream.  Methane is an extremely powerful greenhouse gas--with 25 times greater adverse impact than carbon dioxide over a 100 year period.  Environmental collapse is spiraling beyond our control.

 

Yet our news reporting and the political messaging this election cycle are all focused on economics, and geo-political economic advantage.  There is a drill baby drill attitude on all sides, as we’ve discovered yet greater sources of cheap fossil fuels.  

 

Economics and Ecology come from the same Greek word “eco” or “house”.  Economics means “management of the house”.  Ecology, coined in 1873 by a German zoologist, means “study of the house or habitation.”  Our global system of economics “manages the house” without taking into account the science implied by “study of the house” and recognizing economic forces that threaten the habitability of our planet.    

We need a new global economic system that incorporates up-front accounting for the costs and risks of environmental degradation, and we need it yesterday.  We have too small a planet with too large a human population to continue on our current path.  The laws of physics will force us to pay, one way or another.  




 

 

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Day 26 - Home


A butterfly at the oxbow lake liked my hat.

Here is a quote (from our hotel placemat) about the Sacred Valley:  “Donde los hijos del sol gobernaban la tierra.”  Translation:  “Where the children of the sun ruled the earth.”  One of the things I love the most about Peru is the ancient connection to the sun. From the Incas  to the modern-day currency (Sol means sun), there is a straightforward acknowledgment of how much our planet needs the sun.  

 

This is our last day in Lima and the sun is shining--a rarity here.  We shopped for a few souvenirs for the grandkids.   We asked our hotel staff to recommend any nearby shops with Peruvian handicrafts.  They sent us on a long walk across Miraflores to the Costa Verde where the upscale international hotels are located.  Built into the cliffside is the Larcomar Mall with lovely views of the Pacific ocean.  Although TripAdvisor rates it #1 of 9 shopping malls in Lima, there is nothing local about it.  Restaurants are all American fast-food or chains from Starbucks and Burger King to TGIF and Chili's.  Stores are mostly what you would find in any US mall--Radio Shack, Adidas, Timberland, Guess, etc.  It is not at all what we had in mind.  On our return walk to the hotel we did find a small local shop with some cute bracelets for the granddaughters and a combination cap/scarf made of baby alpaca wool for the grandson. 

 

We knew this would be a long travel day with our American Airlines flight scheduled to leave Lima at 10:40 pm and after several transfers, deposit us in Denver at 3:50 pm the following day.  

 

Such was not to be.  Our Lima flight was delayed to 1:00 am.  We were seated in the last row next to the bathrooms and served “dinner” at 2:00 am.  But the worst part was that our plane landed at 8:00 am (2.5 hours late) and American Airlines never even offered us any coffee.  We were very lucky that our shuttle bus from Miami to Fort Lauderdale was leaving just as we emerged from immigration and customs.  We never had a chance for coffee until we were seated on our SouthWest flight out of Fort Lauderdale, about 11:00 am.  Our transfer in Austin, Texas was also delayed, so it took us a full 24 hours to reach home.

 

We are starting to recover, and have time to savor our experiences.  I was very pleased to count up the birds I’ve seen on this trip and find that the number totals well over 400 with 253 Life Birds.  I realize that many of the A team of listers racked up over 600 birds.  Considering that I participated in only about half the outings, I am quite pleased with my record.   

 

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